The union has its own autonomous power to conclude treaties with third countries. The procedure for negotiation and conclusion of such treaties is set out in art. 218 TFEU. This power exists in four circumstances:

where the Union treaties so provide;

where the treaty is necessary to achieve an objective referred to in the Union treaties within the framework of the Union’s policies;

where the power is provided for in a legally binding Union act, or

where such a treaty with a third country is likely to affect common rules or alter the scope of common rules within the Union.170

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