There is no right of appeal to the Court of Justice of the European Union (‘CJEU’), which is often called the European Court of Justice (‘ECJ’ or ‘CoJ’).

Until 2011, the court was known as the Court of Justice of the European Communities (‘CJEC’ or more usually ‘ECJ’).

A national court or tribunal may refer a question to the ECJ for a ruling if an appeal depends on EU law and the interpretation is not acte claire.

The ECJ and the national court have separate functions. The national court:

(1)finds and assesses the facts in the case;

(2)interprets and applies national law;

(3)is responsible for the judicial decision to be made;

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