The main institutions of the EU are discussed below.

The European Commission

The European Commission (‘EC’) is in Brussels and consists of commissioners representing the various member states assisted by a secretariat. The EC:

(1)suggests policy;

(2)drafts legislation; and

(3)supervises the application of legislation in domestic legislation.

The EC cannot enact legislation.

Infringement action against a member state

The EC may initiate legal proceedings against a member state on the basis that a provision in domestic law, e.g. the Value Added Tax Act 1994, is not allowed by EU law and so the member state has breached its obligations as an EU member state.

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