The Second Part can also be sub-divided into two limbs, the First Limb being ‘living together as husband and wife’ and the Second Limb being ‘or, if they are of the same sex, as if they were civil partners’.

In Respect of What Time or Period is the Matter to be Determined?

Before we look at these two limbs we shall first consider at what period one must look in order to decide whether para. 32(2)(b) is satisfied.

The Family Tie requires one to determine whether:

‘In year X, a relevant relationship exists at any time …’


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